Contents: Introduction. Preface. 1. History and literature. 2. Topographical description of the external parts of fishes. 3. Terminology and topography of the skeleton. 4. Modifications of the skeleton. 5. Myology. 6. Neurology. 7. The organs of sense. 8. The organs of nutrition and digestion. 9. Organs of respiration. 10. Organs of circulation. 11. Urinary organs. 12. Organs of reproduction. 13. Growth and variation of fishes. 14. Domesticated and acclimatised fishes, etc. 15. Distribution of fishes in time. 16. The distribution of existing fishes over the earth's surface-general remarks. 17. The distribution of freshwater fishes. 18. The fishes of the brackish water. 19. The distribution of marine fishes. 20. Distribution of pelagic fishes. 21. The fishes of the Deep sea. 1. Systematic and descriptive part: First sub class : palaeichthyes. 2. Second sub-class Teleostei. Third Sub-Class Cyclostomata fourth sub class leptocardii. Appendices. Index.
According to the views generally adopted at present, all those Vertebrate animals are referred to the Class of Fishes, which living in water, breathe air dissolved in water by means of gills or branchiae, whose heart consists of a single ventricle and single atrium, whose limbs, if present are modified into fins, supplemented by unpaired, median fins, and whose skin is either naked or covered with scales of osseous plates or bucklers. With few exceptions fishes are oviparous.
However, there are not a few members of this class which show a modification of one or more of these characteristics, as we shall see hereafter, and which nevertheless, cannot be separated from it. The distinction between the class of fishes and that of Batrachians is very slight indeed. The Branch of zoology which treats of the internal and external structure of fishes, their mode of life and their distribution in space and time is termed Ichthyology.