Contents: Introduction. 1. The Beginning Indigenous Judicial Structures. 2. The Colonial Conquests the First Courts. 3. The Trinity the Courts of Calcutta Bombay and Madras. 4. The Foundation the Colonial High Court. 5. The King in Council Privy Council and Federal Court. 6. The New Judicial Order the Supreme Court of India and the High Courts. 7. The Conscience Keeper of Independent India the Supreme Court. 8. The Guardians of Justice High Court Under the Constitution. 9. Famous Trials Cases that Made History. 10. Ecosystem of Justice Court Hierarchies Administration and the Legal Profession.
Supreme Court of India came into existence on 26th January, 1950 and is located on Tilak Marg, New Delhi. The Supreme Court of India functioned from the Parliament House till it moved to the present building. It has a 27.6 metre high dome and a spacious colonnaded verandah. For a peek inside, you'll have to obtain a visitor's pass from the front office. On the 28th of January, 1950, two days after India became a Sovereign Democratic Republic, the Supreme Court came into being. The inauguration took place in the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament building which also housed India's Parliament, consisting of the Council of States and the House of the People. It was here, in this Chamber of Princes, that the Federal Court of India had sat for 12 years between 1937 and 1950. This was to be the home of the Supreme Court for years that were to follow until the Supreme Court acquired its own present premises. The 'Indian courts' is a bouquet of Web Sites of the Supreme Court and all 21 High Courts and their Benches in India. It provides a single point access to information related to the Supreme Court and any High Court in India. The Web Sites of the Supreme court and High Courts provide Litigant centric dynamic information like Judgments, Cause lists, Case-status, etc. as well as static Information such as History, Jurisdiction, Rules, Past and present judges