Contents: Preface. Introduction. General external features and internal organs of carp. I. Catla catla (Ham.): 1. History. 2. Synonyms, common and vernacular names. 3. Morphology. 4. Colour. 5. Distribution. 6. Age and growth. 7. Length-weight relationship. 8. Food and feeding. 9. Eggs and larval development. 10. Different stages of development. 11. Maximum size of Catla and Harvest. 12. Migration and movement (Spawning/breeding). 13. Seed collection of Catla. 14. Transportation of Fry. 15. Nursery rearing of Spawn. 16. Common diseases of Catla. 17. Control diseases of Catla and their control measures. II. Labeo rohita (Ham.): 1. Taxonomic position. 2. Synonyms, common and vernacular names. 3. Morphology. 4. Colour. 5. Distribution. 6. Occurrence and morphology. 7. Food and feeding habits. 8. Age and growth. 9. Length-weight relationship. 10. Bionomics and life-history. 11. Eggs and larval development. 12. Post-larval stage. 13. Characteristics of advanced Fry and Fingerlings of Rohu. 14. Survival, growth of Spawn, Fry and Fingerlings of Rohu. 15. Fishing season and landing of Rohu. III. Cirrhinus mrigala (Ham.): 1. Synonyms, common and vernacular names. 2. Morphology. 3. Colour. 4. Distribution. 5. Age and growth. 6. Length-weight relationship. 7. Food and feeding. 8. Embryonic and larval development. 9. Growth of Mrigal (C. mrigala). IV. Carp culture: 1. Pre-stocking management of pond or preparation of the pond. 2. Clearance of aquatic weed. 3. Eradication of predator and unwanted trash fish. 4. Fertilization of ponds. 5. Manure. 6. Stocking. 7. Polyculture of Indian major carps and exotic carps. 8. Post-stocking management. 9. Harvest. V. Production of carps through polyculture. Conclusion. References.
"Carp culture is an age-old traditional practice in India, which is rich in Carp fauna. The appropriate technology of fish farming evolved through research investigation in Carp culture which has shown a major breakthrough by achieving high yields. Modernization of this technology has uplifted commercial production of carps many folds.
The Indian major Carp species Catla (Catla catla), Rohu (Labeo rohita) and Mrigal (Cirrhina mrigala) are considered the best suitable carp species for their cultivable qualities.
Thorough knowledge on the biological aspects like food and feeding, growth, maturity, breeding, larval development, etc. are of paramount importance for advanced study of Carps. The above important aspects of Carp biology have been accomplished to a great extent. In polyculture experiments the significant contribution of Indian major Carps in total production when cultured alone or with exotic Carps are well documented.
Enormous success in fish production depends mainly on the management practices to be adopted based on sound biological concepts. In this contribution, an attempt has been made to compile the available literatures on biology and culture of Carps with special reference to the modern management practices like pond preparation prior to stocking of Fingerling in optimum density and suitable combination, feeding, harvesting of table sized and replenishing the stock of fingerlings."