Contents: Preface. General introduction. Introduction. I. Early Post Vedic development-Itihasa, Purana, Sutras: 1. India from the 6 century BC to the 3 century AD/V.C. Srivastava. 2. The origin and growth of Purana literature—a review of some aspects/S.N. Roy. 3. Oral tradition and history: an alternative perspective/Badri Narayan Tiwari. 4. The Valmiki Ramayana: a study/B.P. Sinha. 5. Ramayana as Adikavya/Jagannath Pathak. 6. Social and moral philosophy in the Mahabharata/U. K. Tiwari. 7. The meaning of the Mahabharata/Vidya Niwas Mishra. 8. Religious movements in the Mahabharata/Susmita Pande. 9. The moral and ritual foundation of ancient Indian society (with reference to the Age of the Sutras and Early Smrtis)/S. P. Nagendra. 10. Ritual social and legal ideas in the Dharmasutras and Early Smrtis/Om Prakash. 11. Society as reflected in the Dharmasastra tradition (with special reference to Manu and Yajnavalkya)/B.N.S. Yadava. II. Development of scientific thought and the school of philosophy : 12. The development of the concept of Pramana/P.K. Mukhopadhyay. 13. Mimamsa: the science of interpretation/Kishore Nath Jha. 14. The Bhagavadgita: its philosophy and interpretation/Arvind Sharma. 15. Social ideas of the Bhagavadgita/Vivekanand Jha. 16. Physical concepts in the Samkhya and Vaisesika systems/Subhash Kak. 17. Patanjali as a Grammarian and Philosopher/Banamali Biswal. 18. Heterodox movements in India in the 6 and 5 centuries BC/S.N. Dube. 19. Life of the Buddha (from Pali sources)/Mahesh Tiwary. 20. The life of the Buddha from Sanskrit sources/Dipak Kumar Barua. 21. Pali Canonical literature/N.H. Samtani. 22. Cross-currents of Buddhist thought in the age of Asoka/S.N. Dube. 23. Philosophies of Sarvastivada schools (Vaibhasika and Sautrantika)/R.S. Tripathi. 24. Origin and development of Jainism upto 3 century AD/Sagarmal Jain. 25. The origins of Mahayana/Bhikkhu Pasadika. 26. Philosophy and psychology in Theravada/Chandra B. Varma. 27. Scientific ideas in Jaina Canonical writings and tradition/L. C. Jain. 28. Astronomical and astrological ideas between the Vedanga-Jyotisa and Aryabhatta/Sarva Narayan Jha. 29. Development of astronomy between the Vedanga Jyotisa and Aryabhata/Subhash Kak. III. Pattern of socio-economic and political life and thought : 30. Buddhist sites of the age of the Buddha: archaeological evidence on dating and urbanization/Prakash Sinha. 31. Agriculture industry and trade: 600 BC—AD 300/Lallanji Gopal. 32. Kautilya and the date of the Arthasastra/Surendra Nath Mital. 33. State in the Arthasastra tradition/Sibesh Bhattacharya. 34. Guilds in ancient India (Antiquity and various stages in the development of guilds upto AD 300)/Kiran Kumar Thaplyal. 35. Early historic India, Indian Ocean Lands and the Mediterranean: archaeology of Trans-Oceanic contact and trade/Sunil Gupta. 36. Ancient India and ancient Greece/U.P. Arora. 37. The origin and antiquity of the Brahmi script/S.N. Roy. 38. Art and society in ancient India/Sandhya Mukerjee. 39. Performing arts and aesthetic ideas in ancient India/Anupa Pande. 40. Development of Indian sculpture from the Mauryan to the Kushana period/R. C. Sharma. 41. The origin and evolution of the Buddha image up to AD 300/S.K. Gupta. 42. Ancient Cave Temples of India (upto 300 AD) origin, evolutionary trends, social functions/R.N. Misra. 43. Mutual reflections of art and literature in ancient India (up to AD 300)/U.N. Roy. 44. Material and cultural development under the Satavahanas and their successors/Ajay Mitra Shastri. 45. Art and culture of the Amaravati Stupa/Anamika Roy. 46. The Sangam Age/S. Muthukumaran. 47. Navigation in ancient India/N. C. Ghosh and Sumita Chakraborty. Index.
"The volumes of the Project on the History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization aim at discovering the main aspects of India’s heritage and present them in an interrelated way. These volumes, in spite of their unitary look, recognise the difference between the areas of material civilization and those of ideational culture. The project is not being executed by a single group of thinkers and writers who are methodologically uniform or ideologically identical in their commitments. In fact contributions are made by different scholars with different ideological persuasions and methodological approaches. The project is marked by what may be called ‘methodological pluralism’.
"In spite of its primary historical character, this project, both in its conceptualization and execution, has been shaped by many scholars drawn from different disciplines. It is for the first time that an endeavour of such a unique and comprehensive character has been undertaken to study critically a major world civilization like India.
"The first part of volume I, The Dawn of Indian Civilization upto 600 BC, published earlier, traces the development of civilization in India upto the end of the Vedic Age. The second part presented here begins with the epics, the sutras formulating systems of philosophies, the sciences and the heterodox movements, and goes on to trace upto 300 AD the emergence of a new civic order in the ancient lands of Taxila and Pataliputra among others. This efflorescence is reflected in the new traditions of art beginning with the Mauryan emperor Asoka, in the enrichment of material culture as evidenced in the Arthasastra, in the expansion of oceanic trade eloquently described in the Periplus Maris Erythraei and in the new movements of universal salvation such as Mahayana. Here for the first time historians, philosophers and scientists have joined hands to help create a new understanding of the human past in the Indic context." (jacket)