Contents: Preface. 1. Economic and social challenges of globalisation in Bangladesh: policy perspectives/M. Muqtada, Andrea Singh and M. Ali Rashid. 2. Globalisation, growth and employment/Mohammed Ali Rashid. 3. Globalisation, competitiveness, and job quality in the garment industry in Bangladesh/Nasreen Khundker. 4. Skill development in Bangladesh: responses to globalisation/Rushidan Islam Rahman. 5. Globalisation, industrial relations, and labour policies: the need for a renewed agenda/Abdul Hye Mondal. 6. Organising women garment workers: a means to address the challenges of integration of the Bangladesh garment industry in the global market/Pratima Paul-Majumder. 7. Export processing zones in Bangladesh and industrial relations/Ismail Hossain. 8. Social protection and safety nets: the case of Bangladesh/Salehuddin Ahmed. References. Index.
"Bangladesh experienced rapid trade liberalisation in the early 1990s, which in turn encouraged growth. There was a significant surge in exports, by a factor of four, led by the garments sector. GDP grew at an annual rate of about 5 percent. In the garment export industry, women gained access to the modern manufacturing sector in large numbers for the first time, securing 80-90% of the new jobs created. However, this impressive growth was also accompanied by growing inequalities and vulnerability in the face of increasing global competition.
The importance of the social dimensions of globalisation has been emphatically underscored by a growing concern among developing countries that many of the impacts of globalisation were unacceptable. Policies and institutions need to be designed to protect employment and income. This book contains studies that address some selected dimensions of this concern.
The studies propose policies and programmes which could help strengthen Bangladesh’s participation in the global economy. This will require a number of economic and financial reforms for employment-friendly and poverty-reducing economic growth and access to skill upgrading and education. The reform of industrial relations, especially in respect of welfare of women workers in the garment sector was necessary to improve productivity. The issue of trade union rights in export processing zones needs urgent attention because the existing policy and institutional framework of social protection and safety net programmes is inadequate and patchy." (jacket)