Contents: Preface. 1. Definition, scope and importance of ecology. 2. Natural resources and their utilization. 3. The ecosystem. 4. Biodiversity and its conservation. 5. Environmental pollution. 6. Social issues and the environment: (i) Sustainable development. (ii) Environment management. (iii) Acid rain. (iv) Nuclear power reactor accidents. 7. Population and environment : (i) Environment and human health. (ii) Human rights. (iii) Value education. (iv) AIDS. (v) Women and child care.
"Man's capability to transform his environment can bring the benefits of economic development and an opportunity to enhance the quality of life. But this same power, incorrectly applied, can cause in-calculable harm to the natural environment and consequently to human life.
"Man in earlier times, believed in 'nature-nurture' concept. However, during the past fifty years, relationships between man and environment has changed considerably. Thus, environmental science today has emerged as an exciting subject. Clean air, clean water and suitable climate for agriculture has made us feel concerned about vital environment issues.
"The importance of preserving the earth's environment and its biological diversity was amply duly focused at the meeting of the 'Earth Summit' held in June 1992 at Rio de Jeneiro in Brazil.
"Virtually all religions have much to say about relationship between mankind and the earth. In the Atharva Veda the prayers of peace emphasizes the links between mankind and all creation: "Supreme Lord, let there be peace in the sky and the atmosphere, peace in the plant world and in the forests; let the cosmic powers be peaceful, let there be undiluted and fulfilling peace everywhere". (jacket)