Contents: Preface. 1. NGOs: searching for solid ground. 2. No miracle weapon for development the challenges facing NGOs in the 21 century. 3. NGO's better than the state. 4. Stop child labour. 5. Child labour in weaving industry. 6. Child labour--targeting the intolerable. 7. Trade and labour standards. 8. Rural poverty in India. 9. Employment and poverty alleviation. 10. Towards a new policy on poverty reduction. 11. Children's health and the environment. 12. Who is responsible for corruption in aid? 13. Peace and poverty. 14. Welcome, Baby mix billion. 15. Population growth and jobs. 16. The population challenge. 17. The future of work. 18. Violence in schools: a world wide affair. 19. Can economic growth reduce poverty? 20. The dynamics of rural poverty in India. 21. The persistence of Indian poverty and its alleviation. 22. Overcoming the poverty in India and the lessons learned. 23. Rural poverty in India and development as a policy challenge. 24. Employment and promoting ecology. 25. The Indian economy and the cattle wealth. Bibliography. Index.
"Non-governmental organizations have become the new hope of development cooperation. Criticism of official and multi-lateral development assistance is mounting. After more than four decades of international cooperation, there is more poverty in the third world (with the exception of a few countries) than ever before. It has become clear that existing instruments cannot bring about change. Even the large donor organizations doubt their own ability to solve problems and find their doubts confirmed by internal evolutions. What led to this state of affairs, and is there reason to hope that NGOs can do a better job?
Development assistance started in 1949 with U.S. President Harry Truman's famous point four programme (named after point 4 of his inaugural speech in Congress on January 20, 1949) as a continuation of the Marshall Plan. The policy of containment of Communism, which was originally restricted to Europe, thus became a global strategy. The origin was the reason that development assistance was geared from the beginning exclusively to governments, and not to social groups in the developing countries. The accusation that U.S.A. as well as the other Western Donors were willing to provide development assistance to any government even the most under democratic and corrupt one, as long as it was an ally against Communism, was never dropped." (jacket)