Contents: Introduction/L.S. Germani and D.R. Kaarthikeyan. I. Theoretical perspectives: 1. Pathways out of terrorism: a conceptual framework/Martha Crenshaw. 2. A conflict resolution-based approach to resolving protracted terrorist insurgencies/Joshua Sinai. 3. Constructing and deconstructing the enemy: a sociological perspective/Maria Luisa Maniscalco. 4. Managing terrorism and insurgency through peace processes: options for the future/I. William Zartman. 5. Why peace processes do not work: a Machiavellian view/Michael A. Ledeen. II. Israel/Palestine: 6. Causes of the breakdown of the Isareli-Palestinian peace process in comparative perspective/Mario Sznajder. 7. The evolution of Hamas in Palestinian society: domestic regional and international determinants/Hisham H. Ahmed. 8. Can contemporary Islamist movements maintain Hudnah?/Reuven Paz. 9. Pathways out of violence in the middle east: assessing the strengths and weaknesses of the Oslo process/Mohammed S. Dajani. 10. The role of terrorism in the breakdown of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process/Eli Karmon. 11. Analysis, evaluation and dialogue: militancy and cultural Islamic order in neo-fundamentalist movements, crisis of leadership and the constructive role of education/Valeria Fiorani Piacentini. III. Northern Ireland: 12. The architecture of the Northern Ireland peace process/Martin Mansergh. 13. The South African and Northern Ireland peace processes: the politics of imitation/Adrian Guelke. 14. "Constructive ambiguity" and the peace process in Northern Ireland/James Dingley. 15. Militant Irish Republicanism: an overview of the historical and strategic development of the provisional IRA/John Horgan. IV. The Basque country: 16. Sabino Arana and the dynamics of ETA terrorism/Antonio Elorza. 17. Evaluating the achievements and flaws of peace initiatives: a comparison of the Basque and the Israeli Palestinian Oslo processes/Alberto Spektorowski. 18. Between the Basque country and Northern Ireland: imagination of fantasy?/Pablo Mendez. V. Colombia: 19. Colombia, 1999-2002: a negotiation for peace or a process for war?/Juan Gabriel Tokatlian. 20. The strategic behaviour of Farc: an analysis of in historical perspective?/Roman D Ortiz. 21. Insurgency, Narco-terrorism and the Colombian peace process/Maria Emma Mejia. VI. Sri Lanka: 22. Analysing the crises of the Sri Lankan peace process/D.R. Kaarthikeyan.
"Can there be an end to terrorism? Is there a pathway out of terrorism? How did terrorism originate? The present book -- an outcome of the conference pathways out of terrorism and insurgency: a comparative analysis of peace processes held in Priverno, Italy -- focuses on the social, political, economic and psychological roots of terrorism and explores the dynamics of contemporary terrorism as well as the possibilities and limitations of peace processes undertaken by governments in order to end terrorist violence.
Towards the middle of the 1990s, hopes for reducing violence and enhancing stability and order in the international system -- which came about with the end of the Cold War -- were increasingly put into question. Enormous resources are being expended on counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency efforts around the world. Yet one of the most difficult tasks facing policy-makers and security officials is deciding on the appropriate governmental responses to terrorist violence. The complexity of contemporary conflict in the post-Cold War security environment requires more subtle and multidimensional strategies, including the judicious use of conflict management tools.
The contributions are theoretical as well as focused on specific case studies: Israel/Palestine; Northern Ireland; Colombia; the Basque country and Sri Lanka. It traces the rise and growth of various terrorist groups. Different kinds of analyses have been employed in the book--historical, sociological, political, etc -- to study the dynamics of terrorism."