Contents: Preface. 1. Philosophy: nature, problem and scope. 2. Philosophy: correlation of education and philosophy. 3. Philosophy: concept of philosophy of education. 4. Philosophy: idealism of Indian society. 5. Philosophy: realism for human society. 6. Philosophy: naturalism for human kinds. 7. Philosophy: pragmatism for human life. 8. Philosophy: existentialism for social uplift. 9. Philosophy: logical positivism for human behaviour. 10. Philosophy: socialism. 11. Philosophy: humanism for development. 12. Philosophy: secularism for social equality. 13. Philosophy: ancient Indian philosophy of education. 14. Philosopher: Indian philosopher of education on Swami-Dayananda. 15. Philosophy: Annie Besant Indian philosopher. 16. Philosophy: M.K. Gandhi modern philosopher. 17. Philosophy: Rabindra Nath Tagore philosopher of Bengal. 18. Philosophy: Swami Vivakananda-Indian philosophers. 19. Philosophy: Indian educationist and thinker-Sri Aurobindo. Index.
"Human beings' desire to know more about their world has led them from primitive superstition to modern scientific knowledge. From mysticism, doctrine, and the limitations of unsystematic observation based upon personal experience, they have examined the process of thinking itself to develop the method of deductive-inductive thinking, which has become the foundation of scientific method. Although first applied as a method of the physical sciences, the process of scientific inquiry has also become the prevailing method of the behavioral sciences and it is also consider as philosophy of human and, in new world it is known as emerging society of mankind.
A beginner in philosophy is perturbed to find that different-philosophers have given different definitions of philosophy. While some philosophers have laid emphasis on psychological facts, others have given more importance to values. According to John Dewey, "Whenever philosophy has been taken seriously, it has always been assumed that it signified achieving a wisdom that would influence the conduct of life". On the other hand, according to Windelband, philosophy is the critical science of universal values". While there is much difference in Indian and western definitions of philosophy, one finds widely different definitions presented by western philosophers also. Of these definitions some emphasize the critical aspect of philosophy while others laid emphasis upon its synthetic aspect.
Philosophy can only be an effort to dissolve again into the whole, the ocean of life in which we are immersed, whence we draw the very force to labour and to live and from which both matter and intellect originate. Bergson gives this statement to justify the thinking of human for the society. The Indian philosophy is the oldest one in the known aspects of the human philosophy and it is mainly depend on the nature and truth. The main theme of the Indian philosophy is nature, beauty and God. Human values are the main considerable elements of the Indian social system. The present book is based on the emerging Indian society and related with the modern and Indian human values with both of thinkers." (jacket)