Subjects

People of India : Vol. XVI. Bihar Including Jharkhand, Parts I and II

Edited by K.S. Singh, Anthropological Survey of India for Seagull Books, 2008, 1094 p, 2 parts, ISBN : 8170463025, $100.00 (Includes free airmail shipping)

People of India : Vol. XVI. Bihar Including Jharkhand, Parts I and II/edited by K.S. Singh

Contents: Part I: Foreword. Acknowledgements. Introduction. The Communities: A: 1. Abdal/Dafali. 2. Dafali. 3. Adh-bania. 4. Agaria. 5. Agarwal. 6. Aghori. 7. Agrahari. 8. Aguri. 9. Amat. 10. Angarok. 11. Anglo Indian. 12. Ansari. 13. Asur. 14. Atith. B: 1. Badhai/Barhai. 2. Bagal. 3. Bagdi. 4. Bairagi/Bairagi Bawa. 5. Bais Bania. 6. Bakho. 7. Banaut. 8. Bandawat. 9. Bangal Bania. 10. Bangali. 11. Banpar. 12. Bansphor. 13. Bantar. 14. Barai. 15. Baraik. 16. Baranwal. 17. Bari. 18. Bathudi. 19. Bauri. 20. Bedia. 21. Beldar. 22. Bhand/Bhanr/Bhangat. 23. Bhat (Muslim). 24. Bhatiara. 25. Bhatt. 26. Bhogta. 27. Bhuihar/Bhuiyar. 28. Bhuiya. 29. Bhumihar/Babhan. 30. Bhumij. 31. Bind. 32. Binjhia. 33. Birhor. 34. Birjia. 35. Bisati. 36. Brahma Kalpit Brahman. C: 1. Chabi. 2. Chaie. 3. Chamail. 4. Chamar. 5. Chamma. 6. Chanao. 7. Chapota. 8. Chero. 9. Chik. 10. Chik Baraik. 11. Choupal. 12. Churihara. D: 1. Dabgar. 2. Dandachatra Majhi. 3. Deohar. 4. Deswali Majhi. 5. Dhal Kshatriya. 6. Dhamin. 7. Dhankar. 8. Dhanuk/Dhanak. 9. Dhara. 10. Dhari. 11. Dharua/Dhuria. 12. Dhekaro. 13. Dhimar. 14. Dhoba/Dhob (Hindu). 15. Dhobi (Muslim). 16. Dhunia. 17. Dogamia Brahman. 18. Dom. 19. Dusadh. G: 1. Gaddi (Muslim). 2. Gadihar. 3. Gandharv. 4. Gangai. 5. Gangauta. 6. Gareri. 7. Gaur Brahman. 8. Ghasi/Ghasiya. 9. Ghatwar. 10. Ghunnya. 11. Gond. 12. Gonr/Gonrh. 13. Gonrhi. 14. Gorait. 15. Gosain/Gosai/Gasavi. 16. Gour. 17. Gulgulia. H: 1. Hajam (Hindu). 2. Hajjam (Muslim). 3. Halalkhor. 4. Halwai. 5. Ho. I: 1. Idrisi. J: 1. Jadupetia. 2. Jain. 3. Jhora. 4. Jogi. K: 1. Kabir Panthi. 2. Kadar. 3. Kahar. 4. Kaibaratta. 5. Kalal. 6. Kalwar. 7. Kamar. 8. Kamlapuri Vaishya. 9. Kamti. 10. Kandu. 11. Kanjar. 12. Kanyakubja Brahman. 13. Kapali. 14. Kaparia. 15. Karan Kayasth. 16. Karga. 17. Karmali. 18. Karua. 19. Kasaundhan. 20. Kasera/Kasar. 21. Kassab/Qureshi. 22. Kathak. 23. Kathbania. 24. Kawar. 25. Kayastha. 26. Kesarwani Bania. 27. Kewat/Keot/Keuta/Kebot. 28. Khaira. 29. Khandwal. 30. Khangar. 31. Kharia. 32. Kharwar. 33. Khatbe. 34. Khatik. 35. Khatri. 36. Khelta.

Part II: 37. Khetauri. 38. Khulwant/Khulant. 39. Kisan. 40. Kishan Panchi. 41. Koiri/Koeri. 42. Kol. 43. Kora. 44. Korwa. 45. Koshtha/Koshti. 46. Kudmi. 47. Kulhaiya. 48. Kumarbhag Pahariya. 49. Kumhar. 50. Kureri. 51. Kurmi. L: 1. Laheri. 2. Lalbegi. 3. Lodha. 4. Lohandia. 5. Lohar. 6. Lohara. M: 1. Madari/Kalandar. 2. Mahakur. 3. Mahishya. 4. Mahli. 5. Mahuri. 6. Maithil Brahman. 7. Mal. 8. Mal Paharia. 9. Malhar. 10. Mali. 11. Malik. 12. Mallah. 13. Mar. 14. Mariya. 15. Markande. 16. Marwari. 17. Mehtar. 18. Mirasi. 19. Mirshikar. 20. Modak. 21. Muker. 22. Munda. 23. Muriari. 24. Musahar. N: 1. Nagar. 2. Nagbanshi. 3. Nalband. 4. Namasudra. 5. Nanakshahi. 6. Nat (Hindu). 7. Nat (Muslim). 8. Netua. 9. Nuniya/Nunia. O: 1. Oraon. 2. Oriya. P: 1. Pahariya (Dhanus Savara). 2. Paiko. 3. Pamaria (M). 4. Pargha. 5. Parhaiya. 6. Pasi. 7. Pathan. 8. Patharkat/Patharkut Kanjar. 9. Patra. 10. Patwa. 11. Puran. 12. Putli Bene/Putuli Bania. R: 1. Rajbanshi. 2. Rajbhar. 3. Rajbhat. 4. Rajdhop. 5. Rajput. 6. Rajuar/Rajwar. 7. Rangrez. 8. Rauniyar. 9. Rautia. 10. Rayeen. S: 1. Sadgop. 2. Sahisia. 3. Sakaldwipi Brahman. 4. Sangtara. 5. Sannyasi. 6. Santal. 7. Sapera Muslim. 8. Sarak. 9. Sarayuparia Brahman. 10. Sauria Paharia. 11. Sawasi. 12. Sayee. 13. Sekera. 14. Sheikh. 15. Shershabadia. 16. Sikh. 17. Sindhi. 18. Sinduria Bania. 19. Sonar. 20. Sukiyar. 21. Surahiya. 22. Suri. 23. Syed/Sayad. T: 1. Tamboli. 2. Tanti. 3. Tattama. 4. Teli. 5. Thakurai. 6. Tharu. 7. Thathera. 8. Thetri. 9. Tiar. 10. Tikulhara. 11. Tilli. 12. Turha. 13. Turi. 14. Turuk Pasi. U: 1. Utkal Brahman. Y: 1. Yadav. Bio-anthropological information. Glossary. Select bibliography. Map. Index.

"The People of India Bihar volume includes Jharkhand because at the time of fieldwork and report writing, Jharkhand was part of Bihar state. Therefore, for the purpose of critical evaluation, the data on Bihar and Jharkhand have been combined. The relationship between the ecology and communities in these areas in evident from the dependence of the communities on land (189), forest (34) and water (22). Land is the main resource and is controlled individually. Other occupations include hunting, gathering, fishing and trapping of birds and animals.

Bihar has been a heterogeneous state. As many as 241 communities have clan or exogamous divisions. Middle-level perceptions are now emerging as a result of social mobilization and widespread awakening. Thus the OBCs have emerged as the dominant segment.

Bihar is predominantly the land of Shakti worship, Tantra and Shaivism. A majority of the population follow earlier Hinduism or Islam.

Jharkhand came into existence as a separate state on 15 November 2001. It is a difference ethnographic world with tribes forming a very large component of its population. Hence, the presence of a very large number of tribal traits peculiar to its ethnographic profile.

104 communities in Jharkhand, consisting of 29 tribes, have been studied for the People of India Project. The state is linguistically heterogeneous with as many as 34 languages/dialects. The tribal religious survive and flourish in Jharkhand. In fact, tribals in this region have recreated their myths and folklore in order to define their identity and thereby its claim to a share of political space. The tribes have emerged as the dynamic professional group, and Christian segments of many tribal groups are doing well as professionals.

Today, however, there has been widespread awareness among the people of Bihar and Jharkhand, regarding education, health and medical services, welfare, employment, drinking water and public distribution system, even though the benefits have been unevenly spread out." (jacket)

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