Contents: 1. Introduction. 2. Foundation of Hindu social Stratification in Indian Polity. 3. Caste and Opposition of Brahminism in Indian Polity. 4. Effect of Casteism on Indian Politics. 5. The Struggle of the Untouchable and the National Freedom Movement. 6. Political Gains of Scheduled caste and Scheduled Tribes. 7. Conclusions. Bibliography. Index.
Dr. Ambedkar was one of the main architects of modern India. He laid the foundation on a broad basis-legal, political, economic and social. But his edifice remained incomplete because of the resistance given by dominant castes in society.
Before the commencement of Ambedkar’s Era, there were the untouchable, Hindus in India, who, due to Hindu social system, had, from time immemorial, remained socially degenerated, economically impoverished, politically suppressed, religiously ostracized and indefinitely excluded from educational and cultural opportunities. They were condemned to the lot of the serfs and deprived of all human rights.
It was Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar among Indian leaders who took up the cause of untouchables whole-heartedly. He did so with deep sense of duty and devotion, unmindful of what one might think of him during or after the national movement for independence was over in India. He played a very significant part at a crucial period in the history of this country and offered solutions to the several ticklish problems India was confronted with during the struggle for political reforms. With a passionate zeal and relentless fight he hammered out constitutional provisions for the upliftment of the Depressed Classes.
The study describe, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar's role in the Indian Politics of casteism as very significant in the history of out country. It can be examined by knowing his achievements for the dehumanized untouchables in particular, and for the country as a whole. He had before him the aim of Social deliverance, political safeguards and Human Rights for the untouchables. He wanted to secure for them political, social and economics justice with equality, liberty and fraternity as the principles of life. He had come to the conclusion that the constitutional safeguards were necessary to protect them from the oppression in the Indian Society. (Jacket)