Bottom-up’ Approaches in Governance and Adaptation for Sustainable Development Case Studies from India and Bangladesh

edited by Pradip Swarnakar, Stephen Zavestoski and Binay Kumar Pattnaik, Sage, 2017, 368 p, ISBN : 9789386446046, $55.00 (Includes free airmail shipping)

 Bottom-up’ Approaches in Governance and Adaptation for Sustainable Development Case Studies from India and Bangladesh

Contents: Preface.Introduction: governance for Sustainable Development in the Anthropocene/Stephen Zavestoski and Pradip Swarnakar. Section 1: Governance I: Questioning the Top-down Approach of Sustainable Development:1. Forest, Adivasis, and the Forest Rights Act (2006): Interrogating Top-down Environmental Governance/Jyotiprasad Chatterjee. 2. Science and Politics of Wildlife Enumeration: Questioning the ‘Tiger Count’ in India/Jayanthi A Pushkaran. 3. Urban Land Governance Reforms and Sustainable Development: A Study of Urban Property Ownership Records (UPOR) in Karnataka/Kanekanti Chandrashekar and Smitha and Manasi Seshaiah. 4. Challenges of Sustainable Biodiversity Management: National Chambal Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh/Nidhi Yadav and Naresh Chandra Sahu. 5. Freshwater Wetlands in Bangladesh: The Need for Alternative Governance/Mohammad Abu Taiyeb Chowdhury. Section 2: Governance II: Experiments with ‘Bottom-up’ Approaches: 6. Dynamics and Pay-offs in Community-based Water Resource Management: A Case Study from Indian Sunderbans/Satabdi Datta.7. Local Solutions to Local Disasters: Governance in Flood Management in Assam/Arpita Das and Partha Jyoti Das. 8. The Role of Rural Local Bodies in Sustainable Development/James Rajanayagam. 9. Deployment of Solar Home Lighting Systems in Rural India/Kartikeya Singh. 10. From Participation to Empowerment: Community-based Ecotourism in Goa/Rohini Fadte. Section 3: Climate Change Adaptation: A ‘Bottom-up’ Challenge to ‘Top-down’ Sustainable Development: 11. Downscaling Climate Change: Perceptions and Adaptive Behaviors of Rural Farmers in West Bengal/Farhat Naz, Marie-Charlotte Buisson, and Archisman Mitra.12.Adaptive Capacity of Marginalized Urban Women to Climate Change: National Capital Territory of Delhi/Sakshi Saini and Savita Aggarwal. 13. Community-based Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal India: A ‘Bottom-up’ Approach Using 3P Model/Rachna Arora, Ashish Chaturvedi, Manjeet Saluja, Nikita Mundra, and Arushi Sen.14. Local Knowledge, Social Capital, and Governance of Climate Change Adaptation in Bangladesh/Md. Masud-All-Kamal. Section 4: Synergizing 'Top-down' and 'Bottom-up: 15. Neither ‘Top-down’ nor ‘Bottom-up’: A ‘Middle-out’ Alternative to Sustainable Development/Stephen Zavestoski and Pradip Swarnakar. Index.

This book analyzes how governance and climate change adaptation—both integral to sustainable development—operate outside the bureaucratic apparatus of the state. It examines the participatory development vis-à-vis ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ approaches to sustainable development and looks at a possible ‘middle-out’ approach to resolving the challenges to sustainable development.

The book also includes case studies from India and Bangladesh, which show that community-level factors such as social and cultural capital are key to the success of sustainable development efforts.(jacket)

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