Physiology of Reproduction, Breeding and Culture of Tiger Shrimp Penaeus Monodon (Fabricius)

Edited by A.D. Diwan, Shoji Joseph and S. Ayyappan, Narendra Pub, 2009, x, 292 p, tables, figs, ISBN : 9788185375465, $120.00 (Includes free airmail shipping)

Physiology of Reproduction, Breeding and Culture of Tiger Shrimp Penaeus Monodon (Fabricius)/edited by A.D. Diwan, Shoji Joseph and S. Ayyappan

Contents: Preface. 1. Physiology of reproduction, breeding and culture: an overview/A.D. Diwan and S. Ayyappan. 2. Breeding biology and fisheries/G. Sudhakar Rao. 3. Female reproductive system/Shoji Joseph and A.D. Diwan. 4. Male reproductive system/Shoji Joseph and A.D. Diwan. 5. Neuroendocrine system and its role in maturation/Shoji Joseph and A.D. Diwan. 6. Neuroendocrine control of breeding and spawning/Shoji Joseph and A.D. Diwan. 7. Cryopreservation of gametes/A.D. Diwan and Shoji Joseph. 8. Hatchery seed production/S.M. Pillai. 9. Farming and culture practices/S.M. Pillai and P. Ravichandran. 10. Microbial diseases/S.V. Alavandi and T.C. Santiago. 11. Genetic improvement/G. Gopikrishna and P. Ravichandran. References. Subject index.

From the Preface: "This book on "Physiology of Reproduction, Breeding and culture of Tiger Shrimp Penaeus Monodon' contains eleven chapters. In the chapter one we have made an overview of the literature concerning the subject. Breeding biology and fisheries aspects are covered in chapter two. Chapter three deals with the female reproductive system and dynamics of ovarian maturation. This includes the morphological and anatomical characters of the reproductive organ i.e. the ovary in relation to the process of maturation, the chain of cytoplasmic and nuclear transformations inside the ovarian tissues at different maturity stages, and the mechanism of oogenesis through molecular means. It deals with the morphological and anatomical characters of the male reproductive system during the process of testicular maturation, the mechanism of sperm differentiation, formation of the complex acrosome in the spermatozoa and the mechanism of spermatophore formation. The fifth chapter is on neuroendocrine system and its role in reproduction. Here the focus is on the morphology of the various neuroendocrine centers, and its anatomical details with respect to the Neurosecretory Cell (NSC) types, ultrastructural process of neurosecretion, distribution and mapping of NSCs in different ganglionic centers of central nervous system, eyestalk Neurosecretory System, the ultrastructure of the sinus gland and its various types of granules. All these structures have been correlated with reproductive development through histo-physiological events of the oocytes in the female gonad and the corresponding cytological changes in the regulatory neuroendocrine organs and cell types in the neuroendocrine system. Sixth chapter is an important which deals with the neuroendocrine manipulations and their impact on gonadal maturation. Here different aspects of endocrine manipulations viz, influence of eyestalk ablation, the effect of ganglionic extract injection and also the influence of synthetic hormone injections on ovarian maturation breeding and spawning are described in details. Chapter seventh pertains to the studies on the cryoperservation, which deals with two aspects. One is on the reproductive quality of male P. Monodon. Various parameters for the evaluation of reproductive quality like spermatophore weight, sperm count, and sperm morphology and sperm viability are described. Spermatophore regeneration time and effect of eyestalk ablation on the spermatophore regeneration and reproductive quality of male are also covered. Second aspect deals with the cryopreservation of sperm. Chapters eight and nine deal with hatchery seed production and farming and culture practices of tiger shrimp respectively. Microbial diseases and genetic improvement aspects are covered in chapter ten and eleven. Both these aspects are very important because the shrimp industry is striving hard to get disease free mother brood either from wild or through domestication."

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